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At America's gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943

Auteur: Erika Lee
Uitgever: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, ©2003.
Editie/materiaalsoort:   Gedrukt boek : EngelsAlle edities en materiaalsoorten bekijken.
Samenvatting:
Examines the ban on Chinese immigration from 1882 to 1943 and focuses on the anti-Chinese movement, border crossing, Chinese labor, families, immigration law, and deportation.
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Genre/vorm: History
Poetry
Aanvullende fysieke materiaalsoort: Online version:
Lee, Erika.
At America's gates.
Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, ©2003
(OCoLC)607000464
Soort document: Boek
Alle auteurs / bijdragers: Erika Lee
ISBN: 0807827754 9780807827758 0807854484 9780807854488
OCLC-nummer: 50560437
Onderscheidingen: Asian American Studies Book Award--History, 2005.
Beschrijving: 331 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Inhoud: Introduction --
PART I: CLOSING THE GATES: The Chinese are coming: how can we stop them? : Chinese exclusion and the origins of American gatekeeping --
The keepers of the gate: U.S. immigration officials and Chinese exclusion --
PART II: AT AMERICA'S GATES: Exclusion Acts: Race, class, gender, and citizenship in the enforcement of the exclusion laws --
One hundred kinds of oppressive laws: the Chinese response to American exclusion --
PART III: CRACKS IN THE GATE: Enforcing the borders: Chinese exclusion along the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican borders --
The crooked path: Chinese illegal immigration and its consequences --
PART IV: THE CONSEQUENCES AND LEGACIES OF EXCLUSION: In the shadow of exclusion: The impact of exclusion on the Chinese in America --
EPILOGUE: Echoes of exclusion in the late Twentieth Century --
AFTERWORD: Following September 11, 2001.
Verantwoordelijkheid: Erika Lee.
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Samenvatting:

Devoted to both Chinese immigrants and the American immigration officials who sought to keep them out following the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, this text explores the consequences for the Chinese  Meer lezen...

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"Lee addresses a multiplicity of issues and deftly weaves together several themes that, in the past, had been treated separately." - Sucheng Chan, University of California, Santa Barbara

 
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Chinese exclusion and its consequences

door jmcgough (Gepubliceerd door gebruiker WorldCat 2011-07-13) Uitstekend Permalink

This is "the first book devoted entirely to both Chinese immigrants and the American immigration officials who sought to keep them out. Erika Lee explores how Chinese exclusion laws not only transformed Chinese American lives, immigration patterns, identities, and families but also recast the United...
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/50560437<\/a>> # At America\'s gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"50560437<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ncu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chapel_hill<\/a>> ; # Chapel Hill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1206073<\/a>> ; # China.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_history<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chinesen<\/a>> ; # Chinesen.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/americains_d_origine_chinoise_conditions_sociales_19e_siecle<\/a>> ; # Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/auswanderung<\/a>> ; # Auswanderung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/857281<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Event\/1800_1999<\/a>> ; # 1800-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/emigration_et_immigration_politique_publique_etats_unis_1900_1945<\/a>> ; # Emigration et immigration--Politique publique--Etats-Unis--1900-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/china<\/a>> ; # China.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/americains_d_origine_chinoise_conditions_sociales_20e_siecle<\/a>> ; # Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions_20th_century<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Social conditions--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/967712<\/a>> ; # Immigrants<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008123068<\/a>> ; # Immigrants--United States--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinezen<\/a>> ; # Chinezen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions_19th_century<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Social conditions--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/325.2510973\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/einwanderung<\/a>> ; # Einwanderung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/908690<\/a>> ; # Emigration and immigration<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008123054<\/a>> ; # Immigrants--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_legal_status_laws_etc_history<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/emigration_and_immigration_law_united_states<\/a>> ; # Emigration and immigration law--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/etats_unis<\/a>> ; # \u00C9tats-Unis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chine<\/a>> ; # Chine<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/usa<\/a>> ; # USA.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1086509<\/a>> ; # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/325.251073\/e22\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigrants_united_states_history<\/a>> ; # Immigrants--United States--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigres_etats_unis_20e_siecle<\/a>> ; # Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/united_states<\/a>> ; # United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigres_etats_unis_19e_siecle<\/a>> ; # Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/857270<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/908700<\/a>> ; # Emigration and immigration--Government policy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_california_history<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--California--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigratie<\/a>> ; # Immigratie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_united_states_history<\/a>> ; # Chinese Americans--United States--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:awards<\/a> \"Asian American Studies Book Award--History, 2005.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/5177151<\/a>> ; # Erika Lee<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Examines the ban on Chinese immigration from 1882 to 1943 and focuses on the anti-Chinese movement, border crossing, Chinese labor, families, immigration law, and deportation.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Introduction -- PART I: CLOSING THE GATES: The Chinese are coming: how can we stop them? : Chinese exclusion and the origins of American gatekeeping -- The keepers of the gate: U.S. immigration officials and Chinese exclusion -- PART II: AT AMERICA\'S GATES: Exclusion Acts: Race, class, gender, and citizenship in the enforcement of the exclusion laws -- One hundred kinds of oppressive laws: the Chinese response to American exclusion -- PART III: CRACKS IN THE GATE: Enforcing the borders: Chinese exclusion along the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican borders -- The crooked path: Chinese illegal immigration and its consequences -- PART IV: THE CONSEQUENCES AND LEGACIES OF EXCLUSION: In the shadow of exclusion: The impact of exclusion on the Chinese in America -- EPILOGUE: Echoes of exclusion in the late Twentieth Century -- AFTERWORD: Following September 11, 2001.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/794179455<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/607000464<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"At America\'s gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"50560437<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/50560437#PublicationEvent\/chapel_hill_university_of_north_carolina_press_2003<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Agent\/university_of_north_carolina_press<\/a>> ; # University of North Carolina Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780807827758<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780807854488<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA3Y9362<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/50560437<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/325.251073\/e22\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/325.2510973\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Agent\/university_of_north_carolina_press<\/a>> # University of North Carolina Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"University of North Carolina Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Event\/1800_1999<\/a>> # 1800-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1800-1999<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chapel_hill<\/a>> # Chapel Hill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chapel Hill<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/china<\/a>> # China.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"China.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"China<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chine<\/a>> # Chine<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chine<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chinesen<\/a>> # Chinesen.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinesen.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/etats_unis<\/a>> # \u00C9tats-Unis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"\u00C9tats-Unis<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/united_states<\/a>> # United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/usa<\/a>> # USA.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"USA.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/americains_d_origine_chinoise_conditions_sociales_19e_siecle<\/a>> # Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/americains_d_origine_chinoise_conditions_sociales_20e_siecle<\/a>> # Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Am\u00E9ricains d\'origine chinoise--Conditions sociales--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/auswanderung<\/a>> # Auswanderung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Auswanderung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_california_history<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--California--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--California--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_history<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_legal_status_laws_etc_history<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85024244<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions_19th_century<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Social conditions--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2009119157<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Social conditions--19th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_social_conditions_20th_century<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Social conditions--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2009119157<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Social conditions--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinese_americans_united_states_history<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--United States--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--United States--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/chinezen<\/a>> # Chinezen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinezen<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/einwanderung<\/a>> # Einwanderung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Einwanderung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/emigration_and_immigration_law_united_states<\/a>> # Emigration and immigration law--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Emigration and immigration law--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/emigration_et_immigration_politique_publique_etats_unis_1900_1945<\/a>> # Emigration et immigration--Politique publique--Etats-Unis--1900-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Emigration et immigration--Politique publique--Etats-Unis--1900-1945<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigrants_united_states_history<\/a>> # Immigrants--United States--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigrants--United States--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigratie<\/a>> # Immigratie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigratie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigres_etats_unis_19e_siecle<\/a>> # Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Topic\/immigres_etats_unis_20e_siecle<\/a>> # Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigr\u00E9s--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008123054<\/a>> # Immigrants--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigrants--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008123068<\/a>> # Immigrants--United States--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigrants--United States--History--19th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ncu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"ncu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1086509<\/a>> # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Race relations<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1206073<\/a>> # China.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"China.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/857270<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/857281<\/a>> # Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Chinese Americans--Social conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/908690<\/a>> # Emigration and immigration<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Emigration and immigration<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/908700<\/a>> # Emigration and immigration--Government policy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Emigration and immigration--Government policy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/967712<\/a>> # Immigrants<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Immigrants<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/5177151<\/a>> # Erika Lee<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Lee<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Erika<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Erika Lee<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780807827758<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0807827754<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780807827758<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780807854488<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0807854484<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780807854488<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/607000464<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"At America\'s gates.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Online version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/50560437<\/a>> ; # At America\'s gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/50560437<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/50560437<\/a>> ; # At America\'s gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-12-30<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/50560437#PublicationEvent\/chapel_hill_university_of_north_carolina_press_2003<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Place\/chapel_hill<\/a>> ; # Chapel Hill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794179455#Agent\/university_of_north_carolina_press<\/a>> ; # University of North Carolina Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n