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Relationship between self-focused attention and dissociation in patients with and without auditory hallucinations.
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Relationship between self-focused attention and dissociation in patients with and without auditory hallucinations.

Autor: S Perona-Garcelán Afiliação: Unidad de Rehabilitación de Salud Mental, Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain. sperona@us.esC Cuevas-YustJM García-MontesM Pérez-AlvarezMJ Ductor-RecuerdaTodos os autores
Edição/Formato Artigo Artigo : Inglês
Fonte:The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 2008 Mar; 196(3): 190-7
Outras Bases de Dados: WorldCatWorldCatWorldCat
Resumo:
The purpose of this work was to study the relationship between self-focused attention and dissociative experiences in 4 groups of subjects: patients with a psychotic disorder who suffer from auditory hallucinations, patients with psychoses who have recovered from their hallucinations, patients with psychoses who have never had them, and a fourth nonclinical group. The private self-consciousness scale, revised  Ler mais...
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Detalhes

Tipo de Documento Artigo
Todos os Autores / Contribuintes: S Perona-Garcelán Afiliação: Unidad de Rehabilitación de Salud Mental, Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain. sperona@us.es; C Cuevas-Yust; JM García-Montes; M Pérez-Alvarez; MJ Ductor-Recuerda; R Salas-Azcona; MT Gómez-Gómez; B Rodríguez-Martín
ISSN:0022-3018
Nota do Idioma: English
Idenficador Único: 264100247
Prêmios:

Resumo:

The purpose of this work was to study the relationship between self-focused attention and dissociative experiences in 4 groups of subjects: patients with a psychotic disorder who suffer from auditory hallucinations, patients with psychoses who have recovered from their hallucinations, patients with psychoses who have never had them, and a fourth nonclinical group. The private self-consciousness scale, revised version by Scheier and Carver, J Appl Soc Psychol. 1985;15:687-699, was used to measure self-focused attention, and the dissociative experience scale (DES-II, Bernstein and Putnam, J Nerv Ment Dis. 1986;174:727-735) was used for dissociation. The results showed that the attention of subjects with hallucinations was more self-focused than the nonclinical group, but did not differentiate significantly from groups of patients without hallucinations. On the other hand, patients with hallucinations and those recovered from them had a higher percentage of dissociative experiences than the rest of the groups in the total DES-II score and in its 3 factors, dissociative amnesia, depersonalization, and absorption. We also found a positive correlation between self-focusing and dissociative experiences in subjects with hallucinations. The depersonalization factor on the DES-II was the only factor predicting auditory hallucinations. The conclusions discuss the relevance of dissociative factors and self-focused attention to understanding the etiology of auditory hallucinations and their contributions to current cognitive models of hallucinations.

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