Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements. (Artigo, 2007) [WorldCat.org]
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Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements.

Autor: M Koenigs Afiliação: Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.L YoungR AdolphsD TranelF CushmanTodos os autores
Edição/Formato Artigo Artigo : Inglês
Fonte:Nature, 2007 Apr 19; 446(7138): 908-11
Outras Bases de Dados: WorldCatWorldCat
Resumo:
The psychological and neurobiological processes underlying moral judgement have been the focus of many recent empirical studies. Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moral judgement, and, in parallel, how emotion-related areas of the brain contribute to moral judgement. Here we show that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region  Ler mais...
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Detalhes

Tipo de Documento Artigo
Todos os Autores / Contribuintes: M Koenigs Afiliação: Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.; L Young; R Adolphs; D Tranel; F Cushman; M Hauser; A Damasio
ISSN:0028-0836
Nota do Idioma: English
Idenficador Único: 123869021
Prêmios:

Resumo:

The psychological and neurobiological processes underlying moral judgement have been the focus of many recent empirical studies. Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moral judgement, and, in parallel, how emotion-related areas of the brain contribute to moral judgement. Here we show that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region necessary for the normal generation of emotions and, in particular, social emotions, produce an abnormally 'utilitarian' pattern of judgements on moral dilemmas that pit compelling considerations of aggregate welfare against highly emotionally aversive behaviours (for example, having to sacrifice one person's life to save a number of other lives). In contrast, the VMPC patients' judgements were normal in other classes of moral dilemmas. These findings indicate that, for a selective set of moral dilemmas, the VMPC is critical for normal judgements of right and wrong. The findings support a necessary role for emotion in the generation of those judgements.

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