Policies designed for self-interested citizens may undermine "the moral sentiments": evidence from economic experiments. (文章, 2008) [WorldCat.org]
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Policies designed for self-interested citizens may undermine
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Policies designed for self-interested citizens may undermine "the moral sentiments": evidence from economic experiments.

作者: Samuel Bowles 有關機構: Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA. samuel.bowles@gmail.com
版本/格式: 文章 文章 : English
資源:Science (New York, N.Y.) v320 n5883 (20080620): 1605-9
其他資料庫: WorldCatWorldCatWorldCat
提要:
High-performance organizations and economies work on the basis not only of material interests but also of Adam Smith's "moral sentiments." Well-designed laws and public policies can harness self-interest for the common good. However, incentives that appeal to self-interest may fail when they undermine the moral values that lead people to act altruistically or in other public-spirited ways. Behavioral experiments  再讀一些...
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文件類型 文章
所有的作者/貢獻者: Samuel Bowles 有關機構: Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA. samuel.bowles@gmail.com
ISSN:0036-8075
語言註釋: English
專有的識別號: 264501062
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摘要:

High-performance organizations and economies work on the basis not only of material interests but also of Adam Smith's "moral sentiments." Well-designed laws and public policies can harness self-interest for the common good. However, incentives that appeal to self-interest may fail when they undermine the moral values that lead people to act altruistically or in other public-spirited ways. Behavioral experiments reviewed here suggest that economic incentives may be counterproductive when they signal that selfishness is an appropriate response; constitute a learning environment through which over time people come to adopt more self-interested motivations; compromise the individual's sense of self-determination and thereby degrade intrinsic motivations; or convey a message of distrust, disrespect, and unfair intent. Many of these unintended effects of incentives occur because people act not only to acquire economic goods and services but also to constitute themselves as dignified, autonomous, and moral individuals. Good organizational and institutional design can channel the material interests for the achievement of social goals while also enhancing the contribution of the moral sentiments to the same ends.

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